Romans 11

Last modified 2016-01-15 21 pages, 5844 words

Most people mis interpret Romans 11 because they are pre-mill. That means they assume Paul was primarily writing to this present generation, i.e. the 21st century, and therefore when Paul says "God has not rejected His people" they assume, OK, God must have not rejected the Jews yet down to this very day (now it is the year 2016), He must still have plans for them. It doesn't even occur to these 21st century readers that there might be an event future to Paul (i.e. 70 AD, since Romans was written in the early spring of AD 57), but in our past, when God did in fact REJECT HIS PEOPLE.

Here, sadly to say, we have to part company with our beloved reformer and excellent scholar Jean Calvin who said in his commentary on Romans 11: "(the Apostle) Paul wrote ... That it (the old covenant) should fail through any perfidiousness of men, was wholly unreasonable; for Paul holds this as a fixed principle, that since adoption is gratuitous and based on God alone and not on men, it stands firm and inviolable, howsoever great the unfaithfulness of men may be, which may tend to abolish it." (comment: This would even seem to go against TULIP, the P in there. For even 5 point Calvinists hold that unless we "persevere" in the faith, we cannot lay hold on a claim to salvation).

Romans 11:1 I say then, God has not rejected His people, has He? May it never be!

Comment: some trannys say “certainly not”. This is not a prophecy, but a Colloquialism, a pleasantry, a well wisher, like Daniel or Esther saying “O King Live Forever”. However, it is true that at this time, (in the early spring of AD 57) God has not YET forsaken His people, but He would in 70 AD, just some 13 years later. God the Father wanted to "cut Israel (the fig tree) down at the end of Jesus ministry, but Jesus pleaded with Him to postpone it. Luke 13:6 see my link israel_is_a_fig_tree.html

1 For I too am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin. 2 God has not rejected His people whom He foreknew.

Comment: Paul is laying out his pedigree. The very thing that all National Israel, all blood Jews, were trusting to get them to Heaven, i.e. "we are sons of Abraham". So, yes God has not rejected national Israel as of yet, as of the late 50s when Romans was written. But 70 AD is coming.

Or do you not know what the Scripture says in the passage about Elijah, how he pleads with God against Israel ? 3 "Lord, THEY HAVE KILLED YOUR PROPHETS, THEY HAVE TORN DOWN YOUR ALTARS, AND I ALONE AM LEFT, AND THEY ARE SEEKING MY LIFE." 4 But what is the divine response to him? "I HAVE KEPT for Myself SEVEN THOUSAND MEN WHO HAVE NOT BOWED THE KNEE TO BAAL." 5 In the same way then, there has also come to be at the present time a remnant according to God's gracious choice.

Comment: a remnant of Jewry, that either IS saved now, i.e. embraced Christ and thus been excommunicated from the synagogue, or WILL get saved prior to 70 AD. At least 144,000 Jews would yet get saved. These were the ONLY Messianic Jews. After 70 AD there could be no more Mess Jews, since there was no more Jewry. Paul was part of the remnant, he was a Messianic Jew, today that is impossible.

6 But if it

(Comment: Salvation)

is by grace, it

(Comment: Salvation)

is no longer on the basis of works,

(Comment: Jewish system of works, washings, tithes, Feast Days trips to Jerusalem, etc.)

otherwise grace is no longer grace. 7 What then ? What Israel is seeking,

(Comment: Salvation)

it has not obtained, but those

(Comment: the Elect, Jews & Gentiles)

who were chosen obtained it, and the rest

(Comment: of National Israel)


(Comment: When did this happen in history? Answer, they had their "spirit of stupor, eyes to see not and ears to hear not" even before Christ was born i.e. 3 BC, as Herod tried to wipe out the new king by killing all the babies in Bethlehem. They had this spirit of stupor when John the Forerunner was baptizing the repentant, which Jesus pointed out to them in Matt 21:25-27; Obviously they had it in Jesus day Jn 7:1 and Matt 23:16ff "blind guides", They had it in Pauls day, Acts 28:24-28 and right up until 70 AD when Judaism ended. See the link HAVE THE JEWS-ISRAEL-ZION BEEN SUPERSEDED OR REPLACED BY THE CHURCH off the home page for a thorough discussion of this.

As for David saying "Let their table become a snare ..." well, the Jews were at Passover in 70 AD when Titus surrounded the city. The Jews knew the Roman legions were sweeping across Judea, but instead of surrendering to the Romans in whatever small town you lived (note, some smart cities DID surrender), or instead of fleeing to the hills, the Zionists and Zealots harkened back to the Maccabees day when the Jews staged a successful rebellion against the Greeks. Besides, Herod had just finished building the temple in AD 64, surely God would protect his new temple. And Jerusalem was Gods city, surely God would protect that. One Roman general had already backed down and left with his tail between his legs (Cestius), and Vespasian had called off his invasion to go back to Rome and save the capital and become Emperor, so probably the same thing would happen to his son Titus. This is the fulfillment of II Thessalonians 2:11 "I will send them strong delusion"). Many in America today, have a similar "strong delusion". See on the home page the links: SHOULD I FIGHT TO SAVE AMERICA? WHAT DOES GOD THINK OF THE AMERICAN CONSTITUTION? SHOULD THIS CITY, COUNTY, STATE SECEDE FROM THE UNION? WHAT ARE THE PRE-REQUISITES FOR A SUCCESSFUL SECCESSION SHOULD I JOIN A MILITIA. In short, we here in America haven't even tried repentance and prayer yet. Why start a rebellion when you have no idea what kind of government you are fighting for or are going to get, in the end. You haven't even begun to discuss this with your neighbors or better yet, with your church, you have no consensus, and you aren't giving God the glory (which means doing it His way, and in His time, shall we build a Philistine ox cart now? That certainly is what the designed-to-fail constitution under the Masonic George Washington was. Read Hologram of Liberty by Kenneth W Royce and watch Hidden Faith of the Founding Fathers video)


Comment: What does BEND THEIR BACKS FOREVER mean? How and when was this fulfilled? Under the Dispy (Dispensational) scheme. Under the RT (Replacement Theology) scheme? I submit that under RT, it means Rome (Titus) was "bending" Judaisms "back". One bends someones back (in vengeance and wrath, like the Roman attitude was towards the Jews at this time) to "break" it. A broken back, FOREVER means you are ruined, forever. You have been conquered forever. You have been wasted forever. Your usefulness (to God, as a covenant people) ended back there when your back got bent to the point of breaking.

11 I say then, they did not stumble so as to fall, did they?

Comment: Not yet, but 70 AD is coming.

May it never be!

Comment: Colloquialism, pleasantry, a well wisher, like “O King Live Forever” not a prophecy.

But by their transgression salvation has come to the Gentiles,

(Comment: What transgression CAUSED salvation to come to the Gentiles) Was it the Jews murder of John the Baptist, persecution of the church (1 Thes 2:14-16), the constant harassment, throwing out of town, and beatings of Paul, the casting of fellow Jews out of the synagogue for believing in Jesus, They say 2 wrongs don't make a right, but here one wrong apparently DOES make a right. ANS: The Crucifixion of Christ was the only wrong that could make “But by their transgression salvation has come to the Gentiles”. This answers the question of WHO Crucified Jesus? The bible says the Romans were just the instrument or the sword that did it, but the JEWS were ultimately responsible (Mt 27:22,23, 25 Jn 18:30,35 Jn 19:11. See also “whom YOU crucified” Peters sermon Acts 2:36.)

to make them

(Comment: the Jews)

jealous. 12 Now if their transgression is riches for the world and their failure is riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their fulfillment be!

The RSV says "full inclusion be", NAS "fullness", Moffatt NT says "when they all come in", NET bible, "full restoration bring", the Weymouth translation says "will not still greater good follow their restoration.", Greek transliterated version says "pleerooma autoon", Williams NT "when the full quota of Jews come in", the WORD "how much more their fullness",

When you are fulfilled or "full" you are done. You can contain no more. Once the fulfillment or full number of elect Jews got saved [i.e. by 70 AD, with the 144,000 getting saved], God could clear the rubble [of apostate, Christ rejecting Jewry] and make great progress w. His N.T. church, unhampered, un-persecuted by the old covenant people-of-God) 1 Thessalonians 2:14 "For you, brethren, became imitators of the churches of God in Christ Jesus that are in Judea, for you also endured the same sufferings at the hands of your own countrymen, even as they {did} from the Jews, 15 who both killed the Lord Jesus and the prophets, and drove us out. They are not pleasing to God, but hostile to all men, 16 hindering us from speaking to the Gentiles that they might be saved; with the result that they always fill up the measure of their sins. But wrath has come upon them to the utmost."

Some of you readers "in the know" today will be thinking, "well that sure hasn't happened. The Jews RUN America today, and their subtle persecution of Christians continues down to today, i.e. ACLU suing over nativity scenes, and public schools Christmas holiday becoming winter holidays, "seasons greetings", etc." The answer to all this is: they are only so-called Jews, not real Jews, and if they were all gone, tomorrow, God would raise up another cohesive group to teach the church the lessons she needs. It would be the Muslims, or the Mormons, ruling over us, controlling our money supply, causing recessions getting us into wasteful wars, then turning over control of these lands to our cruel masters, running up our national debt, and requiring the casting couch of all Hollywood "stars" and models. Corrupting our youth. Requiring our rock bands to promote sex, drugs, gender blending, etc in order to get top billing, etc. The church needs an enemy to show them how to lead, and to force them to band together to defeat their common enemy. Also, we get the government we deserve. What does the lazy, materialistic, National Govt idolizing, US Military might idolizing, lets spend all our money on building programs, modern church of today deserve?

13 But I am speaking to you who are Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle of Gentiles, I magnify my ministry, 14 if somehow I might move to jealousy my fellow countrymen and save some of them. 15 For if THEIR rejection

(Comment: who is the “THEIR” here? See prior verse “save some of them”. Paul MUST be talking about elect Jews, individuals in the Remnant, having a current status of being unbelievers, outside of Christ, and therefore "rejected' at this time, but who WOULD get saved, because they are part of the elect. I.E. this is the Jewish Remnant prior to 70 AD. They are some of those "broken off branches" we see in verse 17. The vast majority of those broken off branches "Jews" are not elect and would never get grafted back in again, but a tiny minority are elect and "God is able to graft them in again", and so he does, though it probably meant martyrdom in the turbulent years leading up to 70 AD).

is the reconciliation of the world,

(Comment If the rejection of Jewish branches means that Paul can now turn to the gentiles ...i.e. that the gospel can now be opened up to the whole world of gentiles see v 17. Paul means here, by the word "world" two things. First he means elect branches from all over the world, i.e. Gentile individuals, not literally each and every man in the whole World. And secondly, if the old world creation (spiritual world, firmament-way-of-relating-to-God was "burned up" in 70 AD, it had to get replaced by a "new world" or "new creation", based on a "new covenant". I.E. a new firmament (boundary) between God and man was erected. Now we are "in Christ Jesus", "seated in the Heavenlies" with the "law written on our hearts". The new Temple is the church, built up with "lively" or "living" stones. That is what got "reconciled to Christ" and was in effect the "reconciliation of the world" spoken of, in this verse.)

what will their acceptance be but life from the dead?

(Comment: “their acceptance” is just individual elect Jews, i.e. the remnant, NOT NATIONAL ISRAEL, AS THE PREMILLS SAY, so when these now apparently DEAD Branches “believe in Jesus” they will get grafted back in again, and it will be life from the dead for them). Under the Dispy scheme, if "life from the dead" means all of national Israel today, or "all Jews in the world, right now", one must ask When did National Israel ever get rejected in Pauls day to fulfill "For if their rejection" in verse 15? Remember that Dispys answer verse 1 of this chapter with a resounding "NO" God HAS NOT YET REJECTED HIS PEOPLE and they would add, down to this very day. So we see that it doesn't fit to put National Israel or all Jews in here.

16 If the first piece of dough is holy,

Comment: KJV says First Fruits, i.e. Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and all the fathers

the lump is also

Comment the “lump” here must be the Jewish remnant, for Apostate National Israel can in no way be called “holy” In fact Jesus said “where the dead body is (O.T. Israel), there the vultures (Roman legions) will gather”;

and if the root is holy, the (comment ELECT) branches are too.

Comment Paul cannot possibly mean all National Israel, or ALL Jewish Branches, because in the next verse he is going to say “branches were broken off because of their unbelief”

17 But if some of the branches were broken off,

Comment: individual Jews, NOT National Jewry, that wont happen till 70 AD.

and you,

comment: Gentiles

being a wild olive, were grafted in among them and became partaker with them of the rich root of the olive tree, 18 do not be arrogant toward the branches

Comment: individual Jews

but if you are arrogant, remember that it is not you who supports the root

Comment: the root is Jesus,

but the root supports you. 19 You will say then, "Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in." 20 Quite right, they were broken off for their unbelief,

Comment: sounds like a conditional covenant after all, not an unconditional promise of the land, by God to the Jews, no matter WHAT the Jews do with Christ, or how badly they disobey, as most Dispys believe. For further explanation of this see my link Did the Jews have an Unconditional Covenant with God?

but you stand by your faith. Do not be conceited , but fear ; 21 for if God did not spare the natural branches, He will not spare you, either.

Comment: This is where the Calvinists get tuliP the P is perseverance of the saints, i.e. we have a conditional covenant too. You must persevere in the faith, to the end, to be saved. Contrary to what Ted Pike ends his videos with, bashing Calvinism. Ted has some excellent videos though, UNHOLY ALLIANCE, THE OTHER ISRAEL, HATE LAWS-MAKING CRIMINALS OF CHRISTIANS, which I recommend you buy off his website, if you can stomach the premillennialism (chiliasm) and Calvinism bashing.

22 Behold then the kindness and severity of God ; to those who fell, severity, but to you, God's kindness, if you continue in His kindness ; otherwise you also will be cut off.

(Our covenant is conditional too, just like the Jews)

Hebrews 10:39 NAS But we are not of those who shrink back to destruction, but of those who have faith to the preserving of the soul..
Romans 11:23 And they also, if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God is able to graft them in again. 24 For if you were cut off from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and were grafted contrary to nature into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these who are the natural branches be grafted into their own olive tree?

Comment: again, this is NOT referring to national Israel all getting saved this decade when the Lord comes back, per the Premills (Futurists, Dispys, etc.), rather it refers to the possibility of the Jewish remnant, individual Jews getting saved pre 70 AD, of which the 144,000 made up some of that number. But for the vast majority of Jews "Romans 11:23 And they also, if they do not continue in their unbelief," would mean, failure for them, because they WOULD CONTINUE IN THEIR UNBELIEF per Luke 13:23 Then said one unto him, Lord, are there few (Jews, from THIS generation) that be saved? And he said unto them ... Luke 13:28 "There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, when ye shall see Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets, in the kingdom of God, and you yourselves thrust out."

25 For I do not want you, brethren, to be uninformed of this mystery, so that you will not be wise in your own estimation, that a partial hardening has happened to Israel

Comment: Remnant or Elect Israel, not National or Ethnic Israel. The hardening is called "partial" because Some of true (Spiritual) Israel was already saved but many (144,000 yet to come as 70 AD approached) of the elect were still not saved. In fact they were acting like typical Jews of their day, see verse 28 "From the standpoint of the Gospel, they are enemies "for your sake" or "as towards you". These would eventually get saved vs 31 "they may also now be shown mercy".

until the fullness of the Gentiles has come in; 26 and so all Israel will be saved;

Comment: A case could be made that "fullness" here refers to the count of gentiles that would "come in" or "get saved" before the Jew - Gentile distinction ended. It ended in 70 AD with the destruction of the temple and of the clean-unclean distinction and with the destruction of the ceremonial law. Indeed Paul says "there is no difference between Jew, nor Greek (gentile), between male, nor female, nor bond nor free" in Christ, i.e. in the kingdom. If that middle wall of partition has been broken down (Eph 2:14), then there are no more gentiles in the new covenant (as well as no more Jews). Only believers and unbelievers. So the partial hardening has happened to Israel until the full count or full number of Gentiles gets saved, "and so all Israel will be saved". The church is the true Israel of God, that is all over the New Testament. See the link HAVE THE JEWS-ISRAEL-ZION BEEN SUPERSEDED OR REPLACED BY THE CHURCH off the home page for a thorough discussion of this. So, if you are going to count who all is in the Israel of God, right up to the end of this age, when the Jew - Gentile distinction will be done away, right up to 70 AD, temple being torn down, that is after the 144,000 Jews get saved and after the "fullness of the gentiles" has come in, then you MUST include both Jews and Gentiles in the "all Israel" up to the end of the age. That is the end of the story for elect Jews. It does involve bringing in some elect Gentiles, to shame the Jews, so that they could not be complete without us. Rev 6:9 "When the Lamb broke the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God, and because of the testimony which they had maintained; 10 and they cried out with a loud voice, saying, "How long, O Lord, holy and true, will You refrain from judging and avenging our blood on those who dwell on the earth?" 11 And there was given to each of them a white robe; and they were told that they should rest for a little while longer, until {the number of} their fellow servants and their brethren who were to be killed even as they had been, would be completed also." This "all Israel" also goes back in time. It covers the whole age of saints, Heb 11:39 And all these, having gained approval through their faith, did not receive what was promised, 40 because God had provided something better for us, so that apart from us they would not be made perfect (complete)." Since the judgment on the apostates covers the whole age so does the "all Israel" shall be saved. Matt 23:32 “Fill up, then, the measure of the guilt of your fathers. 33“You serpents, you brood of vipers, how will you escape the sentence of hell? 34 “Therefore, behold, I am sending you prophets and wise men and scribes; some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues, and persecute from city to city, 35 so that upon you may fall the guilt of all the righteous blood shed on earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, whom you murdered between the temple and the altar. 36 “Truly I say to you, all these things will come upon this generation. "All Israel" cannot be just the snapshot of all Jews alive at any one time. How is that "all Israel".

But I think a better way to think of this, based on the Greek word "pleroma" Phonetic Spelling: (play'-ro-mah) 4138e sum total, fullness, even super abundance (a) a fill, fullness; full complement; supply, patch, supplement, (b) fullness, filling, fulfillment, completion. based on the use of that word elsewhere in the N.T. is to translate it: COMPLETION (of spiritual Israel) called THE GENTILES HAS COME IN. This is a better translation than full count or full number of all the individual Gentiles. That which is patching up Spiritual Israel, That which makes it whole, not the count of the gentiles. Israel is being completed by including the gentiles because they shame the Jews into believing in Christ.

God wanted the world to see the sign of vast numbers converting to Christianity, by the outpouring of His Holy Spirit. Who or what group was going to do that? Not the Jews, who all answered to Jerusalem, and quivered at the Sanhedrins'' word. All afraid of getting kicked out of the synagogue and then their businesses would fail. No, but when the Jews saw the gentiles worshipping Yahweh through Jesus, and worshipping Him in spirit and truth, and being so serious and sincere about their faith that they would rather DIE in the ROMAN arena, than deny Christ, that had to get these Jews thinking and wondering. What have they got, that I don't have. I am not willing to die for my faith, yet these newly converted gentiles are. Consider:

Matthew 9:16 N-NNS
GRK: γὰρ τὸ πλήρωμα αὐτοῦ ἀπὸ
NAS: garment; for the patch pulls away
KJV: for that which is put in to fill it up taketh
INT: indeed the patch of it from

Mark 2:21 N-NNS
GRK: αἴρει τὸ πλήρωμα ἀπ' αὐτοῦ
NAS: otherwise the patch pulls away
KJV: the new piece that filled it up taketh away
INT: tears away the filling up [piece] hereafter of it

Romans 13:10 N-NNS
GRK: οὐκ ἐργάζεται πλήρωμα οὖν νόμου
NAS: love is the fulfillment of [the] law.
KJV: love [is] the fulfilling of the law.
INT: not does work [the] fulfillment therefore of [the] law

1 Corinthians 10:26 N-NNS
GRK: καὶ τὸ πλήρωμα αὐτῆς
KJV: and the fullness thereof.
INT: and the fullness of it

1 Corinthians 10:28 Noun-NNS
GRK: καὶ τὸ πλήρωμα αὐτῆς
KJV: and the fullness thereof:
INT: and the fullness of it

Galatians 4:4 N-NNS
GRK: ἦλθεν τὸ πλήρωμα τοῦ χρόνου
NAS: But when the fullness of the time
KJV: when the fullness of the time
INT: came the fullness of the time

Ephesians 1:23 N-NNS
GRK: αὐτοῦ τὸ πλήρωμα τοῦ τὰ
NAS: is His body, the fullness of Him who fills
KJV: body, the fullness of him that filleth
INT: of him the fullness of him who

Ephesians 3:19 N-ANS
GRK: πᾶν τὸ πλήρωμα τοῦ θεοῦ
NAS: up to all the fullness of God.
KJV: with all the fullness of God.
INT: all the fullness of God

Colossians 1:19 N-NNS
GRK: πᾶν τὸ πλήρωμα κατοικῆσαι
NAS: for all the fullness to dwell
KJV: should all fullness dwell;
INT: all the fullness to dwell

Colossians 2:9 N-NNS
GRK: πᾶν τὸ πλήρωμα τῆς θεότητος
NAS: For in Him all the fullness of Deity
KJV: all the fullness of the Godhead
INT: all the fullness of the Deity

You could think of this as saying the COMPLETION called or named THE GENTILES HAS COME IN.


Comment: “the deliverer” does this by saving spiritual Jacob [the remnant]. Paul cannot be talking about some future 2000 years from this writing “Jacob” due to verse 31. They NOW [58 AD] have been disobedient "

27 "THIS IS MY COVENANT WITH THEM, WHEN I TAKE AWAY THEIR SINS." 28 From the standpoint of the gospel they

Comment: Remnant as of yet Unsaved Israel not National Israel

are enemies for your sake, but from the standpoint of God's choice they are beloved for the sake of the fathers; 29 for the gifts and the calling of God are irrevocable.

Comment: and so the elect Jews, the Remnant, held on to their Gifts and Calling. If one wants to make this apply to "all national Israel", that God can never revoke what He has given to National Israel, then let this be your example.

Numbers 14:26-39 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, How long shall I bear with this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me. Say unto them, As truly as I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: Your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. But as for you, your carcass, they shall fall in this wilderness. And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcasses be wasted in the wilderness. After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise. I the LORD have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die. And the men, which Moses sent to search the land, who returned, and made all the congregation to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the land, Even those men that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before the LORD. But Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of the men that went to search the land, lived still. And Moses told these sayings unto all the children of Israel: and the people mourned greatly.

So, for those Christian Zionists out there who would say "God will NEVER forsake Israel", his gifts and callings are IRREVOCABLE. I would have to ask you. What about the 10 spys who gave the bad report? Did their gift and calling to "enter the land" get REVOKED? What about that whole faithless generation, did their gift and calling get REVOKED? God counts Himself as being faithful to His promise to bring them into the land by BRINGING IN THEIR CHILDREN INSTEAD OF THEM. I.E. they got REPLACED by their children. This is what replacement theology is all about. The Church has REPLACED Israel ever since 70 AD and God counts Himself as being faithful to this Romans 11:29 promise by imputing those "gifts and calling" to the church, which is the spiritual child of unfaithful Jewry. Then, just as with that faithless generation, God disposes of the no-longer-needed-type-of-Christ. Matthew 24:28 For wheresoever the carcass is (O.T.Jewry), there will the eagles (Roman legions ensigns of 70 AD that surrounded Jerusalem) be gathered together.

30 For just as you once were disobedient to God, but now have been shown mercy because of their disobedience, 31 so these also now have been disobedient, that because of the mercy shown to you they also may now be shown mercy.

(Comment: NOW here cannot mean in the 21st century. It must be talking about elect Jews, the Remnant. They were the only Jews that got shown mercy. National Israel [i.e. that generation] got wrath to the utmost 1 Thes 2:14-16 and judgment and Diaspora in 70 AD)

32 For God has shut up all in disobedience so that He may show mercy to all.

(comment: ALL here cannot mean every human being or every Jew, if so, how have they received Gods mercy? ALL here must mean ALL ELECT)

33 Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God ! How unsearchable are His judgments and unfathomable His ways ! 34 For WHO HAS KNOWN THE MIND OF THE LORD, OR WHO BECAME HIS COUNSELOR ? 35 Or WHO HAS FIRST GIVEN TO HIM THAT IT MIGHT BE PAID BACK TO HIM AGAIN ? 36 For from Him and through Him and to Him are all things. To Him be the glory forever. Amen.

So, you see, Romans 11 does not contradict the rest of Scripture.
God has indeed REPLACED:

Israel, the Jews, Jacob, Zion, Jerusalem,

with the Church.

And these are the verses that prove that: Romans 2:8,9 Heb 8:13 Rm 9:6-8 Gal 3:29 Phil 3:2 Mt 23:33 1Thes 2:16 Rev 17 the millstone is the temple, cast into the sea, the gentiles are symbolized by the sea in the book of Revelation. See also Lk 13:28 Lk 13:6 Gen 49:10. For an in-depth exposition of all these verses go to my home page and click on the link have the Jews been replaced.